Athens, Georgia

Coordinates: 33°57′N 83°23′W / 33.950°N 83.383°W / 33.950; -83.383
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Athens, Georgia
Athens City Hall
Athens City Hall
Official seal of Athens, Georgia
"The Classic City"
Location of Athens in Clarke County (left) and of Clarke County in Georgia (right)
Location of Athens in Clarke County (left) and of Clarke County in Georgia (right)
Athens, Georgia is located in Georgia
Athens, Georgia
Athens, Georgia
Location in Georgia
Athens, Georgia is located in the United States
Athens, Georgia
Athens, Georgia
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°57′N 83°23′W / 33.950°N 83.383°W / 33.950; -83.383
Country United States
State Georgia
Settled1801 (1801)
As TownDecember 1806 (1806-12)
As CityAugust 24, 1872 (1872-08-24)
Named forAthens, Greece
 • MayorKelly Girtz[1]
 • Consolidated city–county118.10 sq mi (305.87 km2)
 • Land116.33 sq mi (301.29 km2)
 • Water1.77 sq mi (4.58 km2)
636 ft (194 m)
 • Consolidated city–county127,315
 • Rank218th in the United States
6th in Georgia
 • Density1,094.43/sq mi (422.57/km2)
 • Metro215,415 (212th)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
30601-30609, 30612
Area code706
FIPS code13-03440[5]

Athens is a consolidated city-county and college town in the U.S. state of Georgia. Downtown Athens lies about 70 miles (110 km) northeast of downtown Atlanta.[6] The University of Georgia, the state's flagship public university and an R1 research institution, is in Athens and contributed to its initial growth. In 1991, after a vote the preceding year, the original City of Athens abandoned its charter to form a unified government with Clarke County, referred to jointly as Athens–Clarke County where it is the county seat.[7]

As of 2020, the U.S. Census Bureau's population of the consolidated city-county (all of Clarke County except Winterville and a portion of Bogart) was 127,315.[3] Athens is the sixth-most populous city in Georgia, and the principal city of the Athens metropolitan area,[8] which had a 2020 population of 215,415, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.[4] Metropolitan Athens is a component of the larger Atlanta–Athens–Clarke County–Sandy Springs Combined Statistical Area.[9]

The city is dominated by a pervasive college town culture and music scene centered in downtown Athens, next to the University of Georgia's North Campus.[10] Major music acts associated with Athens include numerous alternative rock bands such as R.E.M., the B-52's, Widespread Panic, Drive-By Truckers, of Montreal, Neutral Milk Hotel, and Harvey Milk. The city is also known as a recording site for such groups as the Atlanta-based Indigo Girls. The 2020 book Cool Town: How Athens, Georgia, Launched Alternative Music and Changed American Culture describes Athens as the model of the indie culture of the 1980s.[11]


Historic American Buildings of Athens in 1936

In the late 18th century, a trading settlement on the banks of the Oconee River called Cedar Shoals stood where Athens is today.[12] On January 27, 1785, the Georgia General Assembly granted a charter by Abraham Baldwin for the University of Georgia as the first state-supported university. Georgia's control of the area was established following the Oconee War. In 1801, a committee from the university's board of trustees selected a site for the university on a hill above Cedar Shoals, in what was then Jackson County. On July 25, 1801, John Milledge, one of the trustees and later governor of Georgia, bought 633 acres from Daniel Easley and donated it to the university. Milledge named the surrounding area Athens after the city that was home to the Platonic Academy of Plato and Aristotle in Classical Greece.[13]

City Hall on College Avenue in Downtown Athens, seen across Washington Street

The first buildings on the University of Georgia campus were made from logs. The town grew as lots adjacent to the college were sold to raise money for the additional construction of the school. By the time the first class graduated from the university in 1804, Athens consisted of three homes, three stores, and a few other buildings facing Front Street, now known as Broad Street. Completed in 1806 and named in honor of Benjamin Franklin, Franklin College was the first permanent structure of the University of Georgia and the city of Athens. This brick building is now known as Old College.

Athens officially became a town in December 1806 with a government made up of a three-member commission.[14] The university and town continued to grow with cotton mills fueling the industrial and commercial development. Athens became known as the "Manchester of the South" after the city in England known for its mills. In 1833 a group of Athens businessmen led by James Camak, tired of their wagons getting stuck in the mud, built one of Georgia's first railroads, the Georgia, connecting Athens to Augusta by 1841, and to Marthasville (now Atlanta) by 1845. In the 1830s and 1840s, transportation developments and the growing influence of the University of Georgia made Athens one of the state's most important cities as the Antebellum Period neared the height of its development. The university essentially created a chain reaction of growth in the community which developed on its doorstep.[15]

During the American Civil War,[16] Athens became a significant supply center when the New Orleans armory was relocated to what is now called the Chicopee building. Fortifications can still be found along parts of the North Oconee River between College Avenue and Oconee Street. In addition, Athens played a small part in the ill-fated "Stoneman Raid" when a skirmish was fought on a site overlooking the Middle Oconee River near what is now the old Macon Highway.[17] A Confederate memorial that used to stand on Broad Street near the University of Georgia Arch was removed the week of August 10, 2020.[18]

During Reconstruction, Athens continued to grow. The form of government changed to a mayor-council government with a new city charter on August 24, 1872, and Henry Beusse was elected as the first mayor of Athens.[19] Beusse was instrumental in the city's rapid growth after the Civil War. After serving as mayor, he worked in the railroad industry and helped bring railroads to the region, creating growth in many of the surrounding communities. Freed slaves moved to the city, where many were attracted by the new centers for education such as the Freedmen's Bureau. This new population was served by three black newspapers: the Athens Blade, the Athens Clipper, and the Progressive Era.[20]

In the 1880s, as Athens became more densely populated, city services and improvements were undertaken. The Athens Police Department was founded in 1881 and public schools opened in the fall of 1886. Telephone service was introduced in 1882 by the Bell Telephone Company. Transportation improvements were also introduced with a street paving program beginning in 1885 and streetcars, pulled by mules, in 1888.

Broad Street in Downtown Athens at an entrance to North Campus of the University of Georgia

By the centennial in 1901, Athens had experienced a century of development and growth. A new city hall was completed in 1904. An African-American middle class and the professional class grew around the corner of Washington and Hull Streets, known as the "Hot Corner", where the Morton Building was constructed in 1910.[21] The theater at the Morton Building hosted movies and performances by black musicians such as Louis Armstrong, Cab Calloway, and Duke Ellington. In 1907 aviation pioneer Ben T. Epps became Georgia's first pilot on a hill outside town that would become the Athens-Ben Epps Airport.

The last, and perhaps only, lynching in Athens occurred on February 16, 1921, when a mob of 3,000 people attacked the Athens courthouse and carried off John Lee Eberhart. Eberhart had been arrested for the murder of his employer, Ida D. Lee, with a shotgun in Oconee County. That night he was driven back to the Lee farm where a mock trial was held. Though he refused to confess, he was tied to a stake and burned to death. The lynching received widespread attention.[22]

During World War II, the U.S. Navy built new buildings and paved runways to serve as a training facility for naval pilots. In 1954, the U.S. Navy chose Athens as the site for the Navy Supply Corps school. The school was in Normaltown in the buildings of the old Normal School. It closed in 2011 under the Base Realignment and Closure process. The 56 acre site is now home to the Health Sciences Campus, which contains the University of Georgia/Medical College of Georgia Medical Partnership, the University of Georgia College of Public Health, and other health-related programs.[23]

In 1961, Athens witnessed part of the civil rights movement when Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes became the first two black students to enter the University of Georgia.[24] Despite the Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme Court ruling in 1954, the Athens–Clarke County school district remained segregated until 1964.


Timeline of Athens, Georgia


According to the United States Census Bureau, the balance has a total area of 118.2 square miles (306.1 km2), of which 117.8 square miles (305.1 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (0.41%) is water.

Athens lies within the humid subtropical climate zone, with hot, humid summers and mild to moderately cold winters. Annual rainfall averages 49.7 inches (1,260 mm). Light to moderate sporadic snowfall occasionally can occur in winter. In the spring, sporadic thunderstorms can occasionally become severe, rarely producing tornadoes. The city sits on a series of hills, unique to the Piedmont region.


Athens has a humid subtropical climate.[44] Its climatic regime is in many ways typical of Southeastern United States with hot summers transitioning into cool winters, but with precipitation being consistently high throughout the year. Normal monthly temperatures range from 43.5 °F (6.4 °C) in January to 80.6 °F (27.0 °C) in July; on average, maxima reach 90 °F (32 °C) or higher and stay below 40 °F (4 °C) on 58 and 5.8 days annually, and there are 48 days annually with a minimum at or below freezing.[45]

Official record temperatures range from −4 °F (−20 °C) on January 21, 1985 to 109 °F (43 °C) on June 29, 2012;[45] the record cold daily maximum is 18 °F (−8 °C) on January 30, 1966, while, conversely, the record warm daily minimum is 79 °F (26 °C) as recently as August 11, 2007.[45] Temperatures rarely fall below 10 °F (−12 °C), having last occurred January 7, 2014.[45] The average window for freezing temperatures is November 5 to March 24, allowing a growing season of 225 days.[45]

Precipitation is relatively well spread (though the summer months are slightly wetter), and averages 46.3 inches (1,180 mm) annually, but has historically ranged from 28.61 in (727 mm) in 1954 to 71.39 in (1,813 mm) in 1964.[45] Snowfall is sporadic, averaging 2.9 inches (7.4 cm) per winter, but has reached 13.6 inches (34.5 cm) in 2010–2011.[45]

Climate data for Athens, Georgia (Ben Epps Airport), 1991–2020 normals,[46] extremes 1893–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 80
Mean maximum °F (°C) 71
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 54.7
Daily mean °F (°C) 44.3
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 33.8
Mean minimum °F (°C) 17
Record low °F (°C) −4
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.36
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.4
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.6 10.1 9.6 8.5 8.9 11.4 10.6 9.6 7.4 6.6 8.4 10.4 112.1
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.8 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 1.7
Average relative humidity (%) 69 65 64 63 69 72 74 76 75 73 71 70 70
Percent possible sunshine 49 54 58 66 68 67 63 75 64 63 58 50 61
Source: NOAA (humidity and snow 1981–2010)[45][47][48][49]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[50]
Athens racial composition as of 2020[51]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 71,258 55.97%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 31,129 24.45%
Native American 297 0.23%
Asian 4,894 3.84%
Pacific Islander 65 0.05%
Other/Mixed 5,428 4.26%
Hispanic or Latino 14,244 11.19%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 127,315 people, 51,640 households, and 23,615 families residing in the city. As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 100,266 people, 39,239 households, and 19,344 families residing in the city. The population density was 851.5 inhabitants per square mile (328.8/km2). There were 41,633 housing units at an average density of 353.6 per square mile (136.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 64.71% White, 27.37% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 3.15% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 3.11% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.39% of the population.

The large population increase from 1990 to 2000 reflects the city's expanded boundaries that came with the consolidation of Athens and Clarke County, and not merely an influx of new residents. Since that time the population has increased an average of 12.7% every ten years.

There were 39,239 households, of which 22.3% had children under 18 living with them, 32.3% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.7% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city, 17.8% of the population was under the age of 18, 31.6% was from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.0% was 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,118, and the median income for a family was $41,407. Males had a median income of $30,359 versus $23,039 for females. The per capita income for the balance was $17,103. About 15.0% of families and 28.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 13.5% of those age 65 or over.


In 1990, the City of Athens and Clarke County voters voted to unify their governments, becoming only the second unified government in Georgia and the 28th nationwide.[52]

  • Legislative: The government is headed by an elected mayor and 10 elected commissioners from 10 equally divided districts. Previously, they have been formed from 8 geographical districts and two super-districts covering districts 1–4 and 5–8
  • Executive: The Unified Government of Athens-Clarke County's day-to-day operations is overseen by a manager appointed by the Mayor and Commission. There are 24 main departments, divisions, and offices under the managerial group.
  • Judicial: Athens-Clarke County houses Magistrate, Juvenile, Municipal, Probate, State, and Superior Courts. Superior Court covers the Western Judicial Circuit, which also includes Oconee County.[53]


Athens-Clarke County Police Department
Agency overview
FormedJanuary 14, 1991
Jurisdictional structure
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters3035 Lexington Rd.
Athens, Georgia 30605
Sworns256 (~190 working strength)
Agency executive
Number of Stations5
Holding FacilitiesClarke County Jail - Clarke County Sheriff's Office
VehiclesChevrolet Impala, Ford Interceptor, Ford Explorer, Ford F-150, Ford Fusion, Toyota Prius

The Athens-Clarke County Police Department (ACCPD) was formed by the merger of the law enforcement agencies of the City of Athens and Clarke County. As of February 2019, Cleveland Lee Spruill Sr. was sworn in as the new Chief of Police.[54] ACCPD is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA) and was named a "Gold Standard Agency" in 2013. ACCPD's 911 Communications Center is also CALEA certified and has reached "Gold Standard" status. ACCPD is also the first law enforcement agency certified by the State of Georgia.[55]



Downtown Athens at the intersection of Clayton Street and College Avenue

Athens is home to a growing number of young technology companies including Docebo, Roundsphere, and Cogent Education. The city is also home to more established technology companies such as Partner Software, Peachtree Medical Billing, and Digital Insight.

Athens is home to several pharmaceutical manufacturing and biotechnology companies such as Boehringer-Ingelheim and Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The University of Georgia also hosts its own biotechnology research centers mostly from the lower east side of town bordering Oconee county. In May 2020, RWDC Industries, a company that develops alternatives to single-use plastics, announced its plan to invest $260 million into the city and the surrounding area and acquire an existing 400,000-square-foot facility.[56]

Independent publisher Hill Street Press is headquartered here. Authors with previous, or current, residence in the city include Pulitzer Prize winners Deborah Blum and Edward Larson, as well as Judith Ortiz Cofer, Reginald McKnight, Coleman Barks, and Jon Jefferson.

Athens' music industry has also continued to grow as Tweed Recording acquired an 11,000-square-foot facility in downtown Athens to house their new recording studio, academy, and community space.[57]


Each spring, there are bicycle races collectively known as the Twilight Series. One of these races is the Athens Twilight Criterium.


In 2010, the average household rent in Athens was $962. The national average was $1,087.[58] Of the Athens population 25 years of age or older, 39.3% have earned a bachelor's degree or higher.[59]

Arts and culture[edit]

The Georgia Museum of Art at the University of Georgia has been, since 1982, the official state art museum. Culture coexists with the university students in creating an art scene, music scene, and intellectual environment. The city has music venues, restaurants, bars, and coffee shops that cater to its creative climate.

Points of interest[edit]

Formal garden at the State Botanical Garden of Georgia at the University of Georgia


Georgia Theatre

The music of Athens, Georgia, includes a wide variety of popular music and was an important part of the early evolution of alternative rock and new wave. The city is well known as the home of chart-topping bands like R.E.M. and The B-52s, and several long-time indie rock hip-hop groups. The Athens music scene grew in the early 1970s and later during the 1980s with the Georgia Theatre and 40 Watt Club as the aforementioned bands scored breakout hits. Other notable bands were Widespread Panic, Dreams So Real, Indigo Girls, Vigilantes of Love, Matthew Sweet, The Method Actors, Love Tractor, Pylon, Flat Duo Jets, The Primates, Modern Skirts, The Whigs, Squalls, Drive-by Truckers, Futurebirds, Bloodkin, Randall Bramblett, Vic Chesnutt, Tishamingo, Bubba Sparxxx, Dead Confederate, Corey Smith, and Humble Plum. In his insider book, Party Out of Bounds: The B-52's, R.E.M., and the Kids Who Rocked Athens, Rodger Lyle Brown described the indie rock scene in Athens.[64]

National acts that have come out of Athens include: The Whigs, Reptar, Danger Mouse, Dreams So Real, Nana Grizol, Jucifer, Servotron, Vic Chesnutt, Drive-By Truckers, Elf Power, Neutral Milk Hotel, Lera Lynn, The Sunshine Fix, Colt Ford, Brantley Gilbert, Harvey Milk, The Olivia Tremor Control, of Montreal, Widespread Panic, Perpetual Groove, Five Eight, Dead Confederate, Thayer Sarrano, Jet by Day, Mothers, and Humble Plum. R.E.M. members Michael Stipe, Mike Mills and Peter Buck still maintain residences in Athens. The photo book Athens Potluck, by Jason Thrasher, documents the town's musical legacy.[65]

Every summer since 1996 the city has hosted AthFest, a nonprofit music and arts festival in the downtown area.[66]

In September 2020, the city launched the Athens Music Walk of Fame. The public art walk spans a two-city blocks loop around West Washington and Clayton Streets connected by North Lumpkin Street. Guitar pick plaques were laid on the sidewalk in front of significant music venues like the Georgia Theatre, the 40 Watt Club, and the Morton Theatre. The first round of inductees included The B-52s, Danger Mouse, Drive-By Truckers, The Elephant 6 Recording Company, Hall Johnson, Neal Pattman, Pylon, R.E.M., Vic Chesnutt, and Widespread Panic.[67][68]


Clarke County School District[edit]

The Clarke County School District supports grades pre-school to grade twelve. The district consists of fourteen elementary schools, four middle schools, and three high schools (one non-traditional).[69] The district has 791 full-time teachers and 11,457 students as of 2010.[70]

Private schools[edit]

The Arch at an entrance to North Campus of the University of Georgia in Downtown Athens

Colleges and universities[edit]



The Athens Banner-Herald publishes daily. UGA has an independent weekly newspaper, The Red & Black. Flagpole Magazine is an alternative newspaper publishing weekly. Classic City News is a not-for-profit local news source.

Radio and television[edit]

Local radio stations include:

Athens is part of the Atlanta television market. Two Atlanta-market television stations, WGTV (channel 8) and WUVG (channel 34), are licensed to Athens, though their transmitters are in the Atlanta metropolitan area. WGTV broadcasts from the top of Stone Mountain. From 2009 until 2015, UGA operated a television station, WUGA-TV (formerly WNEG-TV) from studios on the UGA campus, but maintained its transmitter near Toccoa, its city of license; what is now WGTA has since moved its studios back to Toccoa after being sold by UGA.

Amateur radio has a long history in Athens. The Athens Radio Club 2-meter repeater operates on 145.330 MHz with a (-) offset and a PL tone of 123.0/123.0. Its antenna is located at 390’ AGL on a tower in the northern part of the city.[83] The Athens Radio Club is affiliated with the American Radio Relay League and sponsors four community events each year.[84]

In popular culture[edit]

The 1940 film The Green Hand was shot in Athens, using local townspeople and students and faculty from the University of Georgia as its cast. The film had its premiere in Athens in January 1940, at an event attended by Governor Eurith D. Rivers.

The 1980 TV series Breaking Away was filmed in Athens.

The movie Darius Goes West was shot in Athens.[85]

In 2000, the fictional Ithaca University scenes in Road Trip were filmed on the North Campus of the University of Georgia.[86]

In 2012, Trouble with the Curve was partially filmed at The Globe in downtown Athens.[87] In the same year, The Spectacular Now was filmed entirely in Athens and the surrounding area.[88]




The city is the focus of U.S. Highways U.S. Route 29 (US 29), US 78, US 129, US 441, and Georgia State Route 72 (SR 72), and near the eastern terminus of SR 316 and the southern terminus of SR 106. Other state routes in Athens are SR 8 and SR 15, which follow US 29 and US 441 respectively, SR 10 which follows US 78 east and west of Athens but deviates to US 78 Bus. to go through Athens, and SR 15 Alt. which starts at the SR 10 Loop interchange at Milledge Avenue and follows Milledge and Prince Avenues to US 129 which it follows to the north. The SR 10 Loop serves as a limited-access perimeter. The city is bisected east to west by Broad Street/Atlanta Highway (US 78 Bus. and SR 10) and north to south by Milledge Avenue (SR 15 Alt.). Lumpkin Street, Prince Avenue (SR 15 Alt.), North Avenue, and Oconee Street (US 78 Bus.) along with Broad Street are major thoroughfares radiating from downtown. College Station Road and Gaines School Road are major thoroughfares on the east side of Athens, along with US 78 east (Lexington Road). On the west side, most major thoroughfares intersect US 78 Bus. (Broad Street/Atlanta Highway), including Alps Road/Hawthorne Avenue, Epps Bridge Parkway, and Timothy Road/Mitchell Bridge Road.


Athens-Ben Epps Airport (FAA code AHN) has been operational since 1917. It is east of downtown outside Georgia State Route 10 Loop and north of US Route 78. AHN qualifies for air service to be provided under the Essential Air Service provisions. SeaPort Airlines provides commercial air service to Nashville International Airport, TN. Until 2012, Georgia Skies and Wings Air provided commercial air service to Atlanta, and until 2008 (before either airline's current AHN service), US Airways provided service to Charlotte. Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport (ATL) is the primary point of departure and arrival for Athenians due to the relative lack of air service to AHN.[89]

Alternative Transportation[edit]

Athens encourages the use of alternative transportation. Bike lanes are provided on major thoroughfares. A rail-to-trail redevelopment is being considered to connect Downtown with the East Side. Organizations such as BikeAthens support and encourage biking. Skateboarding and small scooters are also common sights around the UGA campus and Downtown.

Public Transit[edit]

Athens Transit provides intracity transit seven days per week.[90] UGA Campus Transit provides fare-free transit around the University of Georgia campus, Milledge Avenue and Prince Avenue on the way to UGA's newest campus, the Health Sciences Campus.[91] Southeastern Stages, a subsidiary of Greyhound Lines,[92] provides intercity bus services.[93] Low cost curbside bus service to Atlanta and Charlotte is also provided by Megabus.


Athens has no direct passenger rail service; the closest Amtrak stations are in Atlanta, Gainesville, and Toccoa. Until the 1950s and 1960s the Seaboard Air Line Railroad's daily Cotton Blossom (ended, 1955), Washington - Atlanta, Silver Comet, New York - Birmingham and Tidewater (ended, 1968), Norfolk - Birmingham service made stops at the SAL's Athens depot at College Avenue and Ware Street, north of downtown. Train service to Athens ended with the last run of the Silver Comet in 1969.[94][95] Until the early 1950s, the Southern Railway ran a passenger service to Lula on the Southern's main line northeast of Gainesville.[96][97] Into the same period, the Central Railroad of Georgia ran mixed passenger and freight trains south to Macon's Terminal Station.[98][99]

Passenger service is proposed to return to Athens via a proposed route of the Charlotte to Atlanta segment of the Southeast High Speed Rail Corridor.[100] The alignment with a proposed station stop in Athens was chosen as this segment's preferred alternative on September 30, 2020.[101]

Freight service is provided by CSX[102] and Athens Line,[103] the latter having leased tracks from Norfolk Southern. The Georgia Department of Transportation has proposed the city as the terminus of a commuter line that links Atlanta and Gwinnett County along the Georgia 316 corridor.[104]


Electric service in Athens-Clarke is provided by three customer-owned electric cooperatives, Walton EMC, Rayle EMC, and Jackson EMC, as well as by Georgia Power, a subsidiary of Southern Company. The water utility is provided by the city. Garbage is provided by private companies according to customer purchase, though the city does offer municipal garbage pick up as a service. Natural gas is supplied by Atlanta Gas Light through various marketers within the deregulated market.


Athens is served by two major hospitals, the 359-bed Piedmont Athens Regional and the 170-bed St. Mary's Hospital.[105] The city is also served by the smaller 42-bed Landmark Hospital of Athens.[106] Piedmont Athens Regional was formerly Athens Regional Medical Center before being acquired by Piedmont Healthcare in 2016.[107] In March 2018, Piedmont Healthcare announced a $171 million capital investment project for Piedmont Athens Regional which would include the addition of a fourth story to the Prince 2 building[108] as well as the demolition of the 100-year-old 1919 Tower to make space for a new, state of the art, seven-story tower. The entire project is slated for 2022 completion.[109]

St. Mary's Hospital was founded in 1906 and became a Catholic hospital in 1938. The hospital became St. Mary's Health Care System in 1993. Today, St. Mary's is part of the Trinity Health, one of the nation's largest non-profit Catholic healthcare systems that includes 92 hospitals in 22 states and includes St. Mary's Hospital in Athens, and nearby 56-bed St. Mary's Sacred Heart Hospital in Lavonia, Ga., and 25-bed St. Mary's Good Samaritan Hospital in Greensboro, Ga.

Sister cities[edit]

The City of Athens maintains trade development programs, cultural, and educational partnerships in a twinning agreement with Bucharest, Romania.[110]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ Holland, Maggie (May 22, 2018). "BREAKING: Kelly Girtz claims victory as Athens-Clarke County's next mayor". The Red & Black.
  2. ^ "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "QuickFacts: Savannah city, Georgia". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. ^ "Atlanta downtown to Athens downtown". Google. Retrieved January 29, 2024.
  7. ^ "Unification of Athens & Clarke County". Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  8. ^ "U.S. Whitehouse OMB Bulletin No. 05-02 Appendix (Code 12020*)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2006.
  9. ^ "Statistical data" (PDF).
  10. ^ "Behind the Music in Athens, Georgia – Garden & Gun". Garden & Gun. November 13, 2017. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  11. ^ Hale, Grace Elizabeth. Cool Town How Athens, Georgia, Launched Alternative Music and Changed American Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2020.
  12. ^ Easom, Maxine Pinson, Patsy Hawkins Arnold, and Gary L. Doster. Across the River: The People, Places, and Culture of East Athens. 2019.
  13. ^ Hynds, Ernest C. (1974; 2009 ed.). Antebellum Athens and Clarke County, Georgia, pp. 2-4. University of Georgia Press.
  14. ^ Hynds 1974, p. 9.
  15. ^ Antebellum Athens and Clarke County, Georgia, By Ernest C. Hynds, page 41
  16. ^ Stegeman, John F. (1964). These men she gave : Civil War diary of Athens, Georgia. Athens: University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820334585. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  17. ^ Seibert, David. "The Stoneman Raid". GeorgiaInfo: an Online Georgia Almanac. Digital Library of Georgia. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  18. ^ Aued, Blake (August 13, 2020). "Athens-Clarke County Starts Removing Confederate Monument". Flagpole: The Colorbearer of Athens, Georgia. Flagpole Magazine. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  19. ^ Thomas, Frances Taliaferro (2nd ed. 2009). A Portrait of Historic Athens and Clarke County, p. 293. University of Georgia Press.
  20. ^ Thomas 2009, pp. 115-17.
  21. ^ Doster, Emily Jean & Doster, Gary L. (2011). Athens, pp. 98-99. Arcadia Publishing.
  22. ^ a b "THE LYNCHING PROJECT: OCONEE COUNTY". African American Experience in Athens. University of Georgia. Archived from the original on June 22, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  23. ^ "Location & Facilities". College of Public Health UGA. Retrieved March 21, 2024.
  24. ^ Dyer, Thomas G. (1985).The University of Georgia: A Bicentennial History, 1785–1985, p. 329. University of Georgia Press.
  25. ^ a b c d Britannica 1910.
  26. ^ Scholl Center for American History and Culture. "Georgia: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. Chicago: Newberry Library. Archived from the original on March 5, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  27. ^ a b c Hellmann 2006.
  28. ^ a b c "US Newspaper Directory". Chronicling America. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Historical Timeline: History of Athens-Clarke County". Athens-Clarke County Unified Government. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  30. ^ a b c d "(Clarke County: Athens)". Explore Georgia's Historical Markers. Georgia Historical Society. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  31. ^ a b c Federal Writers' Project 1940.
  32. ^ Hynds 1974.
  33. ^ "Athens, Georgia". Encyclopedia of Southern Jewish Communities. Jackson, Mississippi: Goldring / Woldenberg Institute of Southern Jewish Life. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  34. ^ a b "Movie Theaters in Athens, GA". Los Angeles: Cinema Treasures LLC. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  35. ^ John Companiotte (2016). History of Golf in Georgia. Charleston, SC: History Press. ISBN 978-1-62585-559-6.
  36. ^ Thomas 2009.
  37. ^ Jack Alicoate, ed. (1939), "Georgia", Radio Annual, New York: Radio Daily, OCLC 2459636
  38. ^ a b American Association for State and Local History (2002). "Georgia: Athens". Directory of Historical Organizations in the United States and Canada (15th ed.). Rowman Altamira. ISBN 0759100020.
  39. ^ "History of Society". Athens Historical Society. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  40. ^ "". Unified Government of Athens-Clarke County. Archived from the original on March 2, 2000 – via Internet Archive, Wayback Machine.
  41. ^ "Georgia". Official Congressional Directory. 1991/1992- : S. Pub. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. 2009. hdl:2027/uc1.c099985288 – via HathiTrust.
  42. ^ "Athens-Clarke County, Georgia". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  43. ^ Civic Impulse, LLC. "Members of Congress". GovTrack. Washington DC. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
  44. ^ "Athens, Georgia Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved December 29, 2015.
  45. ^ a b c d e f g h "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  46. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  47. ^ "Station: Athens Ben EPPS AP, GA". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  48. ^ "Station: Athens Ben EPPS AP, GA". U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1981-2010). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 24, 2021.
  49. ^ "Local Climatological Data Annual Summary with Comparative Data for Athens, Georgia (KAHN)" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 5, 2021. Retrieved July 5, 2021.
  50. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  51. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  52. ^ "Historical Timeline | Athens-Clarke County, GA - Official Website".
  53. ^ "General Info About Athens-Clarke County". Archived from the original on September 24, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  54. ^ "Office of the Chief of Police | Athens-Clarke County, GA - Official Website".
  55. ^ "Police Department". Athens-Clarke County, GA - Official Website. Retrieved May 6, 2022.
  56. ^ "RWDC Industries is a new startup hoping to become a bioplastics giant in Athens, Ga". TechCrunch. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  57. ^ "Former Downtown Shoe Store Will Be Turned Into Recording Academy". Flagpole. August 1, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  58. ^ "Rent Jungle Statistics". Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  59. ^ "Population estimates, July 1, 2015, (V2015)". Retrieved March 16, 2016.
  60. ^ Reed, Ryan. "R.E.M., Neutral Milk Hotel Donate Items to Save Iconic Church Steeple" (November 3, 2014) Retrieved November 14, 2014
  61. ^ "Best Bars – Esquire". Retrieved October 29, 2011.
  62. ^ "Allen's Hamburgers announces it's closing". Retrieved July 12, 2013.
  63. ^ "Sandy Creek Park | Athens-Clarke County, GA - Official Website". Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  64. ^ Brown, Rodger Lyle. Party Out of Bounds: The B-52's, R.E.M., and the Kids Who Rocked Athens, 25th Anniversary edition, Published in association with the University of Georgia Music Business Program, The University of Georgia Press. Athens: [Georgia], 2016.
  65. ^ Jason Thrasher, Athens Potluck, Deeds Publishing, 2017.
  66. ^ "AthFest - Music Arts Film & Kids Festival, Music Education, Athens, GA Half-Marathon". Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  67. ^ Smith, Jessica (September 2, 2020). "The Athens Music Walk of Fame Honors Past and Present Musicians". Flagpole. Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  68. ^ "Athens Music Walk of Fame | Athens-Clarke County, GA - Official Website". Retrieved November 29, 2020.
  69. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link]. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  70. ^ School Stats Archived September 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  71. ^ "Al Huda Islamic Center of Athens, Georgia". Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  72. ^ University of Georgia. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  73. ^ Athens Technical College. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  74. ^ AU-UGA Medical Partnership Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  75. ^ AU-UGA Medical Partnership Health Science Campus Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  76. ^ AU CON Campuses Archived November 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  77. ^ AU CON History Archived November 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved December 7, 2016
  78. ^ Piedmont College- Athens Campus Archived July 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  79. ^ "Piedmont At A Glance". February 8, 2011. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
  80. ^ Quigley, Rebecca (September 12, 2007). "College-bound teens scout options". Athens Banner Herald. Online Athens. Archived from the original on June 14, 2011. Retrieved February 20, 2024.
  81. ^ "Piedmont announces new location for Athens campus". Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  82. ^ Athens College of Ministry Retrieved November 3, 2020
  83. ^ Athens Radio Club collection. Athens Regional Library System.
  84. ^ Athens Radio Club. Website
  85. ^ Phil Hall (2009). The History of Independent Cinema. BearManor Media. p. 215. ISBN 978-1-59393-335-7.
  86. ^ "Road Trip (2000)". IMDb. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  87. ^ "Athens sees itself in "Trouble with the Curve"". September 21, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
  88. ^ "Soaking up the spotlight". August 17, 2012. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
  89. ^ "Athens-Ben Epps Airport". Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  90. ^ "Home". Athens Transit. August 9, 2010. Archived from the original on August 27, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  91. ^ "University of Georgia Campus Transit System". Archived from the original on May 27, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  92. ^ Athens, GA Greyhound Bus Station Intercity Bus Service
  93. ^ "Welcome Traveler, to SOUTHEASTERN STAGES, Inc. Providing Motorcoach Services Since 1933". Archived from the original on October 6, 2010. Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  94. ^ Seaboard Air Line Railroad Timetable, 1954
  95. ^ "Athens depots".
  96. ^ Official Guide of the Railways, January 1950, Southern Railway section, Table 30
  97. ^ Official Guide of the Railways, December 1954, Southern Railway section, freight only
  98. ^ Official Guide of the Railways, January 1950, Central of Georgia section, Table 12
  99. ^ Central of Georgia timetable, fall/winter, 1954-1955, Table 12 (freight only)
  100. ^ "Atlanta to Charlotte Passenger Rail Corridor Investment Plan - Alternatives Development Report" (PDF). March 2019. Retrieved December 7, 2020.
  101. ^ "The Federal Rail Administration (FRA) and the Georgia DOT have reviewed comments received during the Tier 1 DEIS public comment period". September 30, 2020. Retrieved December 7, 2020.
  102. ^ "Georgia Rail System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2011. Retrieved February 17, 2010.
  103. ^ "The Athens Line". Retrieved August 14, 2010.
  104. ^ "Proposed and Existing Georgia Passenger Rail System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 22, 2011. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
  105. ^ "St. Mary's Hospital - Emergency Department | Athens, GA". Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  106. ^ "Critical Care Hospital Athens, GA | Landmark Hospital of Athens, GA". Landmark Hospitals. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  107. ^ "A System of Better Care Across Georgia | Piedmont Healthcare". Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  108. ^ "Piedmont Athens Regional | Master Facility Plan". DPR Construction. June 12, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  109. ^ "Piedmont Athens Breaks Ground on New Patient Tower". Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  110. ^ "Videanu, primarul care dă în gropi". Gândul (in Romanian). August 26, 2006. Archived from the original on October 28, 2017. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  111. ^ Hannan, Caryn (1999). Georgia Biographical Dictionary. State History Publications. p. 143. ISBN 9781878592422.
  112. ^ "Jeff Daniels". IMDb. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
  113. ^ "Houston Gaines' Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  114. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  115. ^ "Todd Grant Kimsey obituary". Athens Banner-Herald. September 23, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2016.
  116. ^ "Major League Baseball – Brian McCann". Retrieved October 29, 2011.
  117. ^ Fowler, Betty Alice (2009). "Lucy May Stanton (1875–1931)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 25, 2013.


Published in 19th century
Published in 20th century
Published in 21st century

External links[edit]